Wayah Bald has a vantage point 5,342 feet in elevation in the Nantahala National Forest, near Franklin, North Carolina. On a clear day, you can see north to the Great Smoky Mountains in Tennessee and south into the rolling hills of Georgia. Take a short hike from the summit parking area to climb an old stone fire tower, built in 1937 by the Civilian Conservation Corps, to witness panoramic views of the southern Appalachian mountain chain.
Situated along both the Appalachian Trail and Bartram Trail, the 53-foot three-story stone lookout on Wayah Bald was decommissioned in the 1940s. Today, the tower is open except in winter when snow closes the road to the top. It was listed on the National Historic Lookout Register in 2007, and there is no admission charge. Signs atop the tower educate visitors on the surrounding mountains. There are toilets at the parking area, a welcome sight especially for those hiking the Appalachian Trail and Bartram Trail!
When built in 1937, Wayah Bald Fire Tower had an interior stairway to the second story, where an external wooden catwalk encircled a public observation level enclosed by 12 windows. The third story house fire-detecting equipment and served as the lookout, with 16 windows providing a 360-degree view of the Nantahala National Forest. It also contained living quarters for the watchmen, including two drop-down beds attached to the wall and a wood stove for cooking and heat. These amenities allowed uninterrupted lookout service for up to two months at a time. Food, water and mail were delivered weekly by the nearby CCC camp. By the mid 1940s, cracks began to develop in the stone tower, allowing water in and damage to begin. Since there were other nearby lookouts, the fire detection service at Wayah Bald was stopped in 1945. Two years later, the forest service removed the upper levels of the tower for safety reasons.
The bald is a popular destination for those seeking the natural beauty so evident in May and June when the rhododendron, azaleas, and other wildflowers bloom. Evidence of Indian use of the bald as hunting grounds dates back to 300 B.C. Wayah is a Cherokee word for "wolf," an appropriate name prior to the arrival of European settlers. Red wolves roamed in abundance here until the middle of the nineteenth century when a bounty on them led to their eradication.
View from Wayah Bald Tower
Though Wayah is called a bald, strictly speaking the bald area is rather small. It is surrounded by oaks, though they are stunted and pruned by the strong winds and icy winter weather. Birds along the bald include late-spring and summer varieties such as the ruffed grouse, rufous-sided towhee, white-breasted nuthatch, ovenbird, veery (Hylocichla fuscenscens), solitary vireo (Vireo solitarius), scarlet tanager (Piranga olivacea), golden-crowned kinglet (Regulus satrapa), a variety of warblers, and sometimes the yellow-bellied sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius).
On the way to Wayah Bald, you can stop at the Wilson Lick Ranger Station (about three miles before you reach the summit). Built in 1916, Wilson Lick gives you a glimpse of a bygone era of forestry. Read about the history of forestry and see the historic structures. You can hike from here to the Wayah Bald - a 3 mile hike on the Appalchian Trail. The watchmen from the tower often hiked down to the station.
Wine Spring Bald has a higher elevation than its more famous and more visited neighboring peak, Wayah Bald. However, the Wine Spring Bald summit is a location for ugly communications towers and is surrounded by thick forests with no outward views.
Bartram Trail is a 115-mile National Recreation Trail that stretches from northern Georgia to Cheoah Bald in North Carolina, named for William Bartram, a major American naturalist.
Wesser Bald Lookout Tower is located north on the Appalachian Trail, and it can be accessed by a four mile roundtrip hike.
To reach Wayah Bald Lookout Tower Trail from Franklin, North Carolina, travel west along US 64 (Mountain Waters Byway) for 3.7 miles and turn right at the Wayah Bald directional sign (right on Old Murphy Road/State Road 1442, then a quick left onto State Road 1310/Wayah Road). Go 9 miles, turn right onto a National Forest Road 69, at the top of the ridge at the Applachian Trail crossing, and go 4.3 miles to the end. It's 87 miles from Asheville.
About Nantahala National Forest
Nantahala National Forest is the largest national forest in North Carolina (531,286 acres), covering much of the western tip of the state. From Asheville, head west past the Blue Ridge Parkway to towns such as Sylva, Cullowhee, Cashiers, Highlands, Franklin (gem capital), Bryson City, Robbinsville and Murphy. It offers a wealth of outdoor activities and plenty of scenic views. The Indian word Nantahala means"land of the midday sun" — an appropriate name for a forest in which deep mountain gorges and valleys are illuminated only when the noon sun is directly overhead. At 5,800 feet, the Appalachian summit of Lone Bald is the highest point in the forest. It's home to many waterfalls. Download a PDF map of Nantahala National Forest.
Download a map & brochure of the Mountain Waters Byway.
Download PDF 16-page 2011 Guide to the National Forests in North Carolina